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A Step-by-Step Guide to Embedding ChatGPT in Google Sheets

The potential of Google Sheets goes far beyond just data storage and analysis. With its scripting capabilities and integration features, you can enhance it with advanced tools such as ChatGPT. This guide will walk you through the process of embedding ChatGPT within Google Sheets.

Why Embed ChatGPT in Google Sheets?

Embedding ChatGPT can provide:

  • Automated Data Analysis: Ask ChatGPT to provide insights directly from the data in your spreadsheet.
  • Enhanced Collaboration: Team members can interact with ChatGPT to retrieve specific data insights without deep spreadsheet knowledge.
  • Task Automation: Automate repetitive tasks within your spreadsheet using ChatGPT commands.


  • A Google Sheets document.
  • Basic knowledge of Google Apps Script.
  • OpenAI API key for ChatGPT.

Step-by-Step Guide

person using chatgpt

If you’re interested in integrating ChatGPT into your Google Sheets workflow, you can learn how to add ChatGPT in Google Sheets with the help of step-by-step instructions.

1. Access Google Apps Script

Open your Google Sheet and click on Extensions > Apps Script. This will open the script editor.

2. Set Up the OpenAI API

In the script editor, add the following code to set up the OpenAI API:

const OPENAI_API_URL = "https://api.openai.com/v1/engines/davinci/completions";
const API_KEY = "YOUR_OPENAI_API_KEY"; // replace with your key

3. Create the ChatGPT Function

Now, we’ll create a function that communicates with ChatGPT:

function askChatGPT(question) {
var payload = {
"prompt": question,
"max_tokens": 150

var options = {
"method": "post",
"contentType": "application/json",
"headers": {
"Authorization": "Bearer " + API_KEY
"payload": JSON.stringify(payload)

var response = UrlFetchApp.fetch(OPENAI_API_URL, options);
return JSON.parse(response.getContentText()).choices[0].text.trim();

4. Enable Google Sheets Custom Function

With the above function, you can now create a custom function in Google Sheets. For example, to ask ChatGPT a question directly from a cell:


If cell A1 contains a question, ChatGPT will provide an answer in the cell where you’ve entered the function.

5. Test and Interact

Return to Google Sheets and test the functionality. Enter a question in cell A1 and use the custom function in another cell. Wait a few seconds, and ChatGPT’s response should appear.

6. Error Handling

For a production environment, consider adding error handling to the askChatGPT function. This ensures smoother operation and better user experience.


Embedding ChatGPT in Google Sheets can transform a simple spreadsheet into an interactive data analysis tool. With just a few lines of code, you’ve bridged the gap between static data and dynamic insights. Experiment, explore, and let ChatGPT assist you in making the most of your data!

Rebecca Alderson
Rebecca follows and writes about the latest news and trends surrounding crypto currency. She's currently investing in BTC and ETH.